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Remote Runtime Attestation of an User Access Engine

Remote Runtime Attestation of an User Access Engine

Supervisor(s): Hendrik Meyer zum Felde
Status: finished
Topic: Others
Author: Luca Mario Hohmann
Submission: 2023-01-16
Type of Thesis: Masterthesis
Thesis topic in co-operation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security AISEC, Garching


Due to the rising number of attacks on software hosted in the cloud, new
innovative technologies for providing security guarantees to the hosting
parties need to be developed. In order to improve upon the lack of such
technology, three new concepts for runtime attestation of an user access
management system, called user access engine, inside of trusted execution
environments are developed and analyzed. All three concepts provide
fundamental security for systems by allowing a detached attestation server
to detect malicious actions on the system after they occurred during runtime.
These concepts include the generation of a hash chain structure, the new
combination of trusted execution environments with virtual trusted platform
modules and the utilization of existing decentralized user rights management via
JSON web tokens for user authentication.

All proposed and played through critical attacks could be averted within
the boundaries set by the research project. Only attackers with a substantial
amount of resources, along with physical access to the hosting platform’s hardware
can utilize previously known hardware attacks against the platform, independently
of the proposed concepts.
These attacks were out of scope for this work. For all other attack scenarios, this
thesis advances the concept of runtime analysis by an important margin into the realm
of future real world applications, utilizing not only the base applications running in
the cloud, but also user management systems. This is a novel approach for an attestation
scheme of a web service architecture.